Diabetes Type 2

Diabetes (diabetes mellitus type 2) is a disease where high levels of blood glucose result from defects in insulin production or insulin action. It is sometimes also called adult-onset diabetes. It usually begins as insulin resistance, a disorder in which the cells do not use insulin properly to take glucose from the blood into the cells. Over time, the pancreas may lose its ability to produce insulin at all. Diabetes type 2 is becoming more common with rising numbers of obesity and physical inactivity. The disease is commonly associated with older age, family history of diabetes, impaired glucose metabolism, and ethnicity.


LEGAL DISCLAIMER: This post is not designed to and does not provide medical advice, professional diagnosis, opinion, treatment or services. It provides general information for educational purposes only. The information provided is not a substitute for medical or professional care, and should not be used in place of a consultation or the advice of your physician or other healthcare provider. If you believe you have any health problem, or if you have any questions regarding your health or a medical condition, you should consult your physician or other healthcare provider.


Treatment for Diabetes type 2

General, the first step to treat diabetes type 2 is through changes in the diet and increased exercise. If these measures are not enough to normalise your blood sugar levels, you might have to take oral medication or in some cases inject insulin. If you are overweight, loosing extra pounds will help with the treatment of your diabetes.


– Medication is not a substitute for the above lifestyle changes and a healthy diet. –


Nutritional choices for people with diabetes type 2

The aim of the diet is to avoid fluctuation of your blood sugar levels, and for some, to reduce your weight. That means to eat regularly small meals with comparable amounts of carbohydrates every day.
The advice given here can also help to lower high blood pressure which can be a dangerous side effect of diabetes. It is known that foods high in sugar and refined carbohydrates can very quickly push the blood sugar up to high levels.

Foods with complex carbohydrates on the other hand raise blood sugar levels more slowly and keep them constant for longer. This is defined by the so called glycemic index GI, whereby general foods with sugar will have a high glycemic index, and those with complex carbohydrates will have a lower glycemic index.

A glycemic index of less than 55 is considered low, 56 to 69 is considered medium, and above 70 is considered high. Overcooking can raise the GI of starchy foods. Sugar and alcohol are not forbidden in the diabetic diet, and can be eaten in small amounts. Other nutritional choices include all the foods general advised for good health: fruit, vegetables, lean meat, dairy, cereals, and unsaturated fats.


FOOD to PREFER

  • General:
    5 portion of fruit and vegetable per day; whole grain products; high fibre foods; unsaturated fats and oils; nuts and seeds; lean protein;
  • oats; natural muesli; porridge;
  • wheat pasta; brown rice; buckwheat; white long grain rice; barley;
  • sweet potatoes; new potatoes;
  • whole milk; skimmed milk; yoghurt; soy milk;
  • bread (whole wheat, sourdough rye and wheat); oatmeal crackers;
  • hummus; peanuts; walnuts; cashew nuts;
  • kidney beans; butter beans; chick peas; lentils; split mung beans;
  • peas; sweet corn; carrots; aubergine; broccoli; cauliflower; cabbage; mushrooms;
  • tomatoes; chillies; lettuce; green beans; red peppers; onions, garlic;
  • cherries; plums; grapefruit; peaches; apples; pears; dried apricots; grapes; oranges;
  • strawberries; prunes;
  • Drinks:
    herbal teas; green tea; water.

FOOD to AVOID and REDUCE

  • General:
    salt, saturated fats, trans fats, processed foods, simple carbohydrates;
  • Foods with a high glycemic index:
  • cornflakes; bran flakes; and other; sugar coated brands of breakfast cereals;
  • watermelon; dates;
  • white bread; bagel; baguette; rice cakes; donuts;
  • syrup;
  • pumpkin; parsnips;
  • short grain white rice; tapioca;
  • baked or mashed potatoes; French fries; chips.
  • Drinks:
    alcohol, soda; coffee.

SUPPLEMENTS

The body’s metabolism is very complex, and deficiency in any essential nutrient can upset the fine balance. Therefore it is important to make sure that you are getting these nutrients from your food or from supplements.

For diabetes type 2 consider taking supplements with magnesium, potassium, zinc, and the vitamins E and C.

LEGAL DISCLAIMER: This post is not designed to and does not provide medical advice, professional diagnosis, opinion, treatment or services. It provides general information for educational purposes only. The information provided is not a substitute for medical or professional care, and should not be used in place of a consultation or the advice of your physician or other healthcare provider. If you believe you have any health problem, or if you have any questions regarding your health or a medical condition, you should consult your physician or other healthcare provider.

3 Replies to “Diabetes Type 2”

  1. Thank you for the interesting post. Certainly food for thought. I think that’s why I like the Internet so much. Loads of information at your fingertips.

  2. Diabetes can be prevented by just having a physically active lifestyle. Just exercise everyday and avoid eating too much. Avoid sweets and high carb foods too.

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