Title Attribute for Post Thumbnail

two men shake hands - bronze statues in Calagary/BCThe ‘featured image’ in WordPress automatically outputs the image alt attribute, but no title attribute.

Those two attributes are used for different reasons:
– the alt attribute is used to output alternative information if the image is inaccessible, for instance if the user has opted not to show images in the site, or for screen readers for accessibility reasons;
– the title attribute would present additional information about the image, and is shown by some browsers when you hover over the image.

For a WordPress ‘featured image’, the code below is taking the image title as you see it in the media library,  to be used as the title attribute.

The influence on search engine optimisation is not clear – it seems that the alt attribute is given more importance than the title attribute.

Back to the coding – To add the image title of the featured image as the title attribute to the img tag, a little filter function is needed, added  to the  ‘post_thumbnail_html’ filter.

Instead of just adding the code to functions.php of your theme, where it would get lost when you switch themes, it is more universal to create a basic plugin:

Plugin Name: Featured Image Title Attribute Output
Plugin URI: n/a
Description: adds the image title as the title attribute to the 'featured image' output.
Version: 1.0
Author: alchymyth
Author URI: http://www.transformationpowertools.com/wordpress
License: GPL2


function add_post_thumbnail_title_attribute($html, $post_id, $post_thumbnail_id) {

if( $html == '' ) {
return $html;
} else {
$out = $html;
$thumbnail_image = get_posts(array('p' => $post_thumbnail_id, 'post_type' => 'attachment'));

if ($thumbnail_image && isset($thumbnail_image[0])) {

$title = $thumbnail_image[0]->post_title;
if($title) {
$output = ' title="' . esc_attr($title) . '" ';
$out = str_replace( 'class=', $output . 'class=', $html );
return $out;

Upload this as a appropriately named file into the plugins folder of your WordPress installation, and activate it like any other plugin from dashboard – plugins.

Editing Widget Parameters per Filter Function WordPress

If you want to change the parameters of the default widgets, for instance the font sizes of the tag cloud widget, you will notice that you can’t access the codes directly.

Editing the core files in the /wp-includes folder is obviously not an option.

Luckily, most of the default widgets are now applying filters to the parameters;
for example, in this the line the filter gets applied for the  tag cloud widget – in /wp-includes/default-widgets.php:

wp_tag_cloud( apply_filters('widget_tag_cloud_args', array('taxonomy' => $current_taxonomy) ) );

Add a filter function to functions.php of your theme;
for example changing the font size range for the tags:

(corrected 05 Feb 2013)

function set_tag_cloud_sizes($args) {
$args = array_merge( $args, array('smallest' => 12, 'largest' => 19) );
return $args; }

Alternative code:

function set_tag_cloud_sizes($args) {
$args['smallest'] = 12;
$args['largest'] = 19;
return $args; }

Another example – to show only tags from the current single post:

function single_post_tag_cloud_tags($args) {
if( is_single() && $args['taxonomy'] == 'post_tag' ) {
global $post;
$post_tag_ids = wp_get_post_tags( $post->ID, array( 'fields' => 'ids' ) );
$args = array_merge( $args, array('include' => implode(',',$post_tag_ids)) );
return $args;

See the codex chapter of wp_tag_cloud()   for all possible parameters.

Another similar example – excluding the default category ‘uncategorized’ from the category widget:

function exclude_default_cat($args) {
$args['exclude'] = '1';
return $args;

A further example – removing the output of the category description as title attributes in the category widget:

function remove_cat_description_widget($args) {
$args['use_desc_for_title'] = 0;
return $args;

Here is the list of all filters for the default widgets:


WordPress Post Thumbnails with Caption

This is a tidying up of a WordPress support forum topic – nothing really that I came up with myself.

The question is how to post the caption with a post thumbnail, aka featured image, in an ordered way.

This code below is tested in wp3.3.

(code version for wp4.1 to remove warning messages related to undefined variables, etc – see pastebin http://pastebin.com/ciLUSeJ4 )

function the_post_thumbnail_and_caption($size = '', $attr = '') {
global $post;
$thumb_id = get_post_thumbnail_id($post->ID);
	$args = array(
		'post_type' => 'attachment',
		'post_status' => null,
		'parent' => $post->ID,
		'include'  => $thumb_id

$thumbnail_image = get_posts($args);

if ($thumb_id && $thumbnail_image && isset($thumbnail_image[0])) {
	$image = wp_get_attachment_image_src( $thumb_id, $size );
	$image_width = $image[1];

	if($attr) $attr_class = $attr['class'];
	$attr['class'] = ''; //move any 'class' attributes to the outer div, and remove from the thumbnail

	$output = '<div class="thumbnail-caption attachment-'.$size.($attr?' '.$attr_class:'').'" style="width: ' . ($image_width) . 'px">';

	$output .= get_the_post_thumbnail($post->ID, $size, $attr);

	/* to show the thumbnail caption */
	$caption = $thumbnail_image[0]->post_excerpt;
	if($caption) {
		$output .= '<p class="thumbnail-caption-text">';
		$output .= $caption;
		$output .= '</p>';

	/* //Uncomment to show thumbnail title
	$title = $thumbnail_image[0]->post_title;
	if($title) {
		$output .= '<p class="thumbnail-title-text">';
		$output .= $title;
		$output .= '</p>';
	} */

	/* //Uncomment to show the thumbnail description
	$descr = $thumbnail_image[0]->post_content;
	if($descr) {
		$output .= '<p class="thumbnail-description-text">';
		$output .= $descr;
		$output .= '</p>';
	} */

	/* //Uncomment to show the thumbnail alt field
	$alt = get_post_meta($thumb_id, '_wp_attachment_image_alt', true);
	if(count($alt)) {
		$output .= '<p class="thumbnail-alt-text">';
		$output .= $alt;
		$output .= '</p>';
	} */

	$output .= '</div>';
echo $output;

(above code edited Oct 2012)

Possible styles for that to make it look like an ordinary wp caption:

.thumbnail-caption { padding: 5px; background: #f5f5f5; border: 1px solid #ddd; }
.thumbnail-caption-text { text-align: center; margin-bottom: 5px; font-size: 90%; }
.thumbnail-title-text { text-align: center; margin-bottom: 5px; font-size: 90%; }
.thumbnail-description-text { text-align: center; margin-bottom: 5px; font-size: 90%; }
.thumbnail-alt-text { text-align: center; margin-bottom: 5px; font-size: 90%; }

Use the code in the template, for instance in single.php, with one of the registered thumbnail sizes as parameter; example:

<?php the_post_thumbnail_and_caption('large',array('class' => 'alignleft')); ?>

A huge ‘thank you’ to all the contributers to this topic in the forum.


my personal extension of the idea –
to add the functionality using a filter function:

// dec 17 2016 @alchymyth
// filter to show caption, if available, on thumbnail, wrapped with '.wp-caption thumb-caption' div;
// show just the thumbnail otherwise

add_filter( 'post_thumbnail_html', 'add_post_thumbnail_caption',10,5 );

function add_post_thumbnail_caption($html, $post_id, $post_thumbnail_id, $size, $attr) {

if( $html == '' ) { 
	return $html;
} else {
	$out = '';
	$thumbnail_image = get_posts(array('p' => $post_thumbnail_id, 'post_type' => 'attachment'));
	if ($thumbnail_image && isset($thumbnail_image[0])) {
		$image = wp_get_attachment_image_src($post_thumbnail_id, $size);

			$out .= '<div class="wp-caption thumb-caption">';
		$out .= $html;
			$out .= '<p class="wp-caption-text thumb-caption-text">'.$thumbnail_image[0]->post_excerpt.'</p></div>';

	return $out;

Simply use


as usual.
The minor ‘downside’ of this approach is that the post thumbnail will get the caption added in any location it is used, which might not always be desired.

Here, for instance, is some css that will whow the caption only on ‘hover’:

.wp-caption.thumb-caption {
  padding:0;border:none; position:relative;
.wp-caption.thumb-caption img {
  margin: 0;
.wp-caption.thumb-caption .wp-caption-text {
  position:absolute; bottom:10px; left: 0;
  background: #111; color: #fff; font-weight: bold; text-align: left;
  display:block; padding:3px 3%; width:94%;
.wp-caption.thumb-caption:hover .wp-caption-text {
  visibility: hidden;